One of the more common surveys, on hire (or off hire) condition, can take several forms, and also be used for several purposes.
Normal on hire (and off hire) surveys are made to determine whether a vessel has sustained any damage during the execution of a charter. C&G on hire surveys are always photo enhanced, and description of any damages that have occurred during a charter (off – hire) or that pre-exist at the commencement of a charter (on- hire).
Should a damage occur during a charter, that requires immediate repair, (holing of a ballast tank for instance), then there can be costly delays to the vessel operation. The on – hire record provides proof positive of the occurrence.
There is a further aspect to the on –hire survey, in that as well as noting damages, the vessel should also be in a condition able to perform the charter, some cargoes being more sensitive, so the general condition of the hold is also reported- rust, scale, residues, flaking paint etc.
C&G have developed a template in which the condition of the cargo holds, and specifically to determine and highlight any damages, quickly and easily; however some operators or shipowners have their own templates, and should this be required, C&G are quite able to use these methods of presentation.
The on and off hire surveys do usually come hand in hand with the bunker survey, which is required to determine the tonnage of fuel oil, and diesel oil on board the vessel at the time of commencement or completion of a charter.
P & I
C&G represent several of the major P&I clubs.
P&I surveys are carried out for a host of reasons. A P&I survey could result in litigation, so C&G are very well aware of the importance of factual reporting. Such inspections can be for a number of reasons:
Damages that have been sustained during cargo operations; contamination, liquefaction, damages sustained through collision, the list of possible requirements is immense.
A P&I appointment may be also requested by a shipowner’s P&I or cargo interest’s P&I purely for a loss control purpose, to ensure that the risk of a claim against a principal is greatly reduced.
Cranes and Wires
C&G make various forms of inspections of ships cranes and wires. This may be as a requirement of Marine Orders part 32-fit for use. It is sometimes carried out as a part of a ship inspection, such as a pre-purchase survey. On occasions owners, charterers, or other interested party may request a full inspection of these vital pieces of equipment. C&G have developed a quantified risk analysis procedure for checking and testing of crane wires.
The failure of a ships crane can cause lengthy delays and costs. A poorly maintained crane, or non-conforming crane can cause considerable expense to shipowners or charterers, particularly if the need to hire mobile cranes is an only option.
The failure of a crane wire under load can have catastrophic consequences, that could give rise to fatality of serious damage to cargo and vessel.
Pre – Advisory
The consequences of a vessel, upon tendering notice of readiness, only to find that the vessel is not in an acceptable condition to perform the charter can result in substantial costs to a shipowner or a charterer.
The purpose of a pre-advisory survey is therefore a vital tool in the armory of the Owner or Charterer, to pre-empt possible future issues.
Pre-Advisory surveys are carried out in the grain trade, where vessels will have to satisfy a marine underwriters survey but also Australian Quarantine (now referred to as Bio-Security) requirements. This extends beyond infestation issues, or hold cleanliness, as a vessel can be unsuitable for other reasons, such as hatch cover problems, leaking ventilators, odours (from new paintwork).
There are some cargoes that carry even greater requirements for cleanliness, such as silica sands, alumina, and a host of other bulk cargoes used in the manufacture of glass, pottery, cosmetics, or fertilisers.